Recent trends in horticulture in India

Trends in Horticulture Production in India -Recent years

  1. Current Trends and Emerging Challenges in Horticulture Vinay Sharma* and Afroz Alam Department of Bioscience & Biotechnology, Banasthali University, Rajasthan, India Horticulture is a boon of nature which is refined by human skill as a science to obtain more and more benefits. It involves rigorous croppin
  2. At present, horticulture is contributing 24.5% of GDP from 8% land area. During the previous two Plan periods, focused attention was given to horticultural research and development. The result has been encouraging. On account of significant production increases in horticultural crops across the country, a Golden Revolution is i
  3. Trends in Horticulture Production in India -Recent years. Published: June 10, 2011. India's Horticultural production in 1990-91 was 96.6 million metric tons. In 2008-09, it has increased and become 214 million metric tons. The following graphic shows India's horticultural production in recent years
  4. e the relationship between horticulture sector's area, production and horticulture sector exports fro
  5. g in the Himalayan region.
  6. 1.3 Annual Growth Trends of Area and Production of Horticulture Crops 12 4.3 State-wise Value of Output of Total Horticulture (at Current & Constant Prices) 28 Major Horticultural Crops 138 7.1.1 All India Area, Production and Productivity of Horticulture crops 13
  7. Discuss the comparative trends in horticulture production vis-i-vis food grains production in India in recent years. Do these trends indicate rise (of fall) in income of cultivators? Discuss. Published: September 1, 2017
Andhra Pradesh suffered Rs 1,710 crore losses to crops in

By Ajay Kakra, Jan 2, 2019 5 min read. Image: Pexels. 1. Price Control: The fluctuating prices for key crops such as tomato, potato and onion (TOP) has resulted in the government announcing ₹500 crores for initiating Operation Green. It aims to stabilise the demand- supply situation for these crops and promote initiatives to control disparity Five Trends in Horticulture Technology. September 26, 2016. James Sulecki. Editor's Note: James Sulecki is corporate content director of Meister Media Worldwide. Ahead of the PrecisionAg Vision Conference in Phoenix, Arizona next month, he writes about five key trends the media company is seeing in horticulture technology for the fruit and. Current Trends: Community Garden Design in Indià. IntroductionIndia is an agricultural land were the majority of people are in the villages. There has always been a concept of sharing the food amongst our family and community. As urbanization set it, people have been migrating to the cities for want of employment opportunities and education 5. Supply chain models for dairy and horticulture. The dairy and horticulture industries are growing faster than the grain industry in India. Milk production in India is approx. 150 mn tonnes and horticulture production is approx. 270 million tonnes. For the first time in Indian history, horticulture production has outpaced food grain production

Trends in Area and Production of Horticulture Sector in Indi

in horticultural has to be accelerated to ensure much needed agricultural diversification as well as increased income for the farmers. The present area under horticulture is around 4.23 lakh ha (6.34 %), which can easily be increased to cover at least 10 per cent of cultivated area. Although in recent past, much faster progress has been made, ye Innovative technologies for horticultural development Tested, adapted, promoted by the Horticulture Innovation Lab Scientists with the Horticulture Innovation Lab are testing and adapting a range of technologies aimed at significantly improving the profitability of fruit and vegetable production throughout the world. Given the complexity of horticulture, technologies such as these can reduce. Indian Farming Market: Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2021-2026. The Indian farming market reached a value of INR 20,336 Billion in 2020. The farming sector constitutes one of the most important areas of the Indian economy. India currently represents the world's largest producers of many fresh fruits and.

Recent trends in horticulture in the Himalayas: integrated

Discuss the comparative trends in horticulture production

New Trends in Hydroponic Growing Like any high-tech field, the hydro industry is constantly evolving. Scientists are continually increasing our knowledge of plant physiology and this knowledge, in turn, affects the technological advancements in the hardware used for indoor growing. Serious gardeners are always trying to follow the latest advancements to increase productivity or efficiency Introduction. Agriculture is the primary source of livelihood for about 58% of India's population. Gross Value Added by agriculture, forestry, and fishing was estimated at Rs. 19.48 lakh crore (US$ 276.37 billion) in FY20. Share of agriculture and allied sectors in gross value added (GVA) of India at current prices stood at 17.8 % in FY20 India is water stressed. 52% of cropped area remains without irrigation and some regions are chronically water stressed yet: •Currently, irrigation consumes 84% of the water (industry 12% and households 4%) •Water use in irrigation in India is 2 to 4 times that in USA and China per unit of major crop Due to ease of purchase and increasing awareness among millennials, India has seen a huge growth in the pot plant/houseplant industry. The trade association's Barometer of Trade report found outdoor plant sales were up 26.94% compared to the same month in 2017 and sales of houseplants were close behind at 24.1% up

Trends in agriculture in 2019 - Fortune India 50

Five Trends in Horticulture Technology - AF

Amazon.in - Buy Value Addition of Horticultural Crops: Recent Trends and Future Directions book online at best prices in India on Amazon.in. Read Value Addition of Horticultural Crops: Recent Trends and Future Directions book reviews & author details and more at Amazon.in. Free delivery on qualified orders A. Sharangi, S. Datta. Published 2015. Economics. Value Addition of Horticultural Crops: Recent Trends and Future Directions. There are three basic phases of agricultural growth and revolution and these are: inductive, stimulative and simulative. The inductive phase of agriculture is characterized with intensive crop production with a support.

(PDF) Current Trends: Community Garden Design in Indià

Five Trends in Agritech Innovation in India to Watch Out

  1. Indian agriculture is food-grains centric. Indian agriculture is multifaceted, with horticulture and animal husbandry contributing to over 60% of India's agricultural GDP. India is largest milk producer, ranks 2nd in vegetables and fruits, 3rd in fish production, 4th in egg and 5th in poultry production in the world
  2. Protected cultivation at least is needed to convert some portion of present 9.2 million ha area under vegetable cultivation for increasing the national productivity and quality of the produce.Presently area under protected cultivation of horticultural crops is only around 40,000 ha and out of which large portion mostly in northern parts of.
  3. S&P to weigh labour, agri market reforms, improvement in financial sector for future ratings 14 Jun, 2020, 05.06 PM IST. Stating that in India, states decide on labour laws and related reforms, S&P Director & Lead Analyst Sovereign & IPF Ratings APAC Andrew Wood said, The BJP Government has a strong mandate and appears to be pushing harder on the states to get this done

Innovative technologies for horticultural development

MEERUT: Civil engineers heading horticulture department works? It is more of a norm than an exception in Uttar Pradesh, where the horticulture departments are headed by civil engineers in 29 development authorities in the state.The resultant state of horticulture is there for all to see. The facility that was constituted with an aim to have an effective planning to develop parks, plantations. The new year no longer just brings with it colour, makeup, and fashion predictions. It's also about gardening predictions. Gardening, especially indoor gardening, is huge on the global scene at the moment and rightly so. With huge global trends come expert predictions and for trends such as these that are here to stay and get Mor India's agriculture exports increased by 7 times and imports by 8 times, in 15 years. India has consistently maintained a trade surplus in agricultural commodities over the years. India's agri-exports increased from Rs. 38,078 crores in 2004-05 to Rs. 2.7 lakh crores in 2018-19, registering an increase of nearly 7 times in the span of 15 years

Indian Farming Market Size, Growth, Trends & Forecast 2021

1.7 Genesis of Horticulture Development in India 11-12 1.7a New Initiatives for Horticulture Sector's Development 12 1.7b Convergence of NHM with the Schemes of other Departments 12-13 1.7c Horticulture in North East and Himalayan States (HMNEH) 13-14 Chapter - II Growth and Development of Horticulture Crops 15-3 Horticulture contributes about 30% of India's agricultural GDP from 13.08% of the cropped area and accounts for 37% of the total exports of agricultural commodities. Due to the increased investment and focussed attention, there has been a spectacular change in the production and productivity of horticultural crops Practices & Research on Horticulture (Volume - 6) Recent Advances in Molecular Biology and Plant Physiology (Volume - 2) Recent Innovative Updates in Agricultural-Horticultural Sciences (Volume - 3) Recent Trends in Entomology (Volume - 4) Recent Trends in Insect Pest Management (Volume - 6) Recent Trends in Tropical Plant Research (Volume - 3 The Internet of Things (IoT) has opened up new opportunities for the agricultural sector through productive ways of monitoring agriculture process. Due to its immense advantages, IoT device installations in the global agricultural set up would increase from 30 million in 2015 to 75 million in 2020 at a compound annual growth rate of 20%. The total cultivated land area in India in fiscal year 2016 was approximately 1.5 million hectares. According to the World Bank, as of 2015, approximately 38 percent of the land area in India is.

6.6.1 Current and Historical Market Trends 6.6.2 Competitive Landscape 6.6.3 Market Forecast 6.7 Others 7 Market Breakup by Region 7.1 North India 7.1.1 Market Trends 7.1.2 Market Forecast 7.2 South India 7.2.1 Market Trends 7.2.2 Market Forecast 7.3 East India 7.3.1 Market Trends 7.3.2 Market Forecast 7.4 West India Notwithstanding the critical role that horticulture plays in modern communities, horticulture globally is undergoing some very significant challenges that are impacting on both the production of horticultural crops and also on the priorities for research and development. Many of these challenges are quite recent and are of considerable magnitude

Indian Floriculture Market Growth, Trends, Report

Globally, India leads the following food segments: The total agriculture commodities export was US$ 3.50 billion in March-June 2020 with sharp increase of 23.24% during the same period in 2019. During April-December 2020, grapes export amounted to US$ 49.79 million. India exported pulses worth US$ 216.76 million and dairy products worth US. The key sub-segments of the Food Processing industry in India are Dairy, Fruits & Vegetables, Poultry & Meat processing, Fisheries, Food retail, etc. Key facts: 296.65 mn tonnes of horticulture food grains in 2019-20. Milk production of 198.4 mn tonnes during 2019-20. Ranks 3rd in the world in Egg production with 114.38 billion in 2019-20 Trends in Horticulture (TH) is an international peer-reviewed, open access journal that focuses on publishing comprehensive and up-to-date information in the field of Horticulture. The journal publishes papers on different topics related to horticultural sciences and technologies including vegetable crops, fruit crops, ornamentals, medicinal. NEW DELHI: The country is likely to achieve an all-time high foodgrains production of over 297 million tonnes in 2020-21, the fifth consecutive year of record production, as per the government's second advance estimate, which is to be released soon. This will be slightly more than the fourth advance estimate of 2019-20, which is at over 296 million tonnes

indicators as latest as 2016, according to the FAO market indicator, forecast of world paddy production in 2016 is 746.8 million tons.Table 1 shows the trends in paddy production in the world during 1991-92 to 2015-16. Table-1 Trends in Paddy Production in the World during 1990-91 to 2015-16 Sl. No Year Area (Million hectares These agricultural trends that are being seen this year are likely to set the stage for many years going forward and beyond. Issues like new vaccinations, the use of global water resources, and the new technological ability to monitor crops even further will continue to play a role in the United States and in agricultural procedures in the rest. LED lighting horticulture market is directly addressed to the businesses associated with the commercial, indoor and R&D activities associated with plants, which is in contrast of the field farming and animal husbandry. These addressable segments are directly dependent on the presence of sunlight for the crops growth

Emerging Trends in Indian Agricultur

Horticulture 1. Presented by: vishalchaturani 2nd semester Bsc engg. 2. Areas of horticulture•Arboriculture is the study of, and the selection,planting, care, and removal of, individual trees,shrubs, vines, and other perennial woody plants.•Floriculture includes the production andmarketing of floral crops.•Landscape horticulture includes the production,marketing and maintenance of. Agriculture plays a vital role in India's economy. Over 58 percent of the rural households depend on agriculture as their principal means of livelihood, according to an IBEF report.Agricultural exports constitute 10 percent of the country's exports and is the fourth-largest exported principal commodity category in India

Karnataka, India National conference on Conservation, Cultivation and Utilization of medicinal and Aromatic plants (College of Horticulture, Mudigere Karnataka, 2018) Production scenario of medicinal and aromatic crops in Shilpa P Chowti, Shreeshail Rudrapur and Naik BK Abstract Indian medicinal plants are the essence of Ayurveda Current Horticulture [ Society For Horticulture Research and Development] Current Trends in Biotechnology and Pharmacy [ Association of Biotechnology and Pharmacy] Top. Delhi Business Review (India)] ** Archive Available ** Pragati: Journal of Indian Economy [ Journal Press India India was the largest producer of jute products in fiscal year 2019, with over one million metric tons of goods produced from this natural fiber. An overall decline was recorded over the last.

India may create new records in the field of horticulture

HOT JOB. 5 Days Ago. save. Manager Horticulture. TDI Infrastructure Limited 2.5 ( 39 Reviews) 6-10 Yrs. 5,50,000 - 7,50,000 PA. Mohali/SAS Nagar, Chandigarh. 8 to 10 years minimum experience is requiredCandidates having experience as horticultur.. Current course. Processing of Horticultural Crops. Participants. General. 26 February - 4 March. Learning Objective. Introduction. Categorization of different processing units. SWOT Analysis of food-processing industries in India. 5 March - 11 March. 12 March - 18 March. 19 March - 25 March. 26 March - 1 April. 2 April - 8 April. 9 April - 15. Horticulture plays a pivotal role in the economy of Jammu and Kashmir. Owing to favourable agro-climatic conditions, temperate horticulture is fast expanding in the state which is characterised by the increasing dominance of apple cultivation. In the present study, an attempt has been made to evaluate the long term trends in the productivity and areal expansion of apple cultivation in the state Article shared by: . List of 220 + multiple choice questions and answers on Agriculture! This will help you to learn about the most frequently asked objective type questions on agriculture especially compiled for ICAR (JRF/SRF), ARS, IARI Ph.D and other competitive exams

Scope Of Horticulture Crops - Agri learne

Drone Market Stats & Sales. There's no arguing the spike in drone industry growth that has occurred in the last few years - the drone services market size is expected to grow to $63.6 billion by. Uganda Agriculture market is expected to witness a CAGR of 4.2% over the forecast period (2021-2026). The Uganda Agriculture Market includes Production Analysis (Volume), Consumption Analysis (Value and Volume), Export Analysis (Value and Volume), Import Analysis (Value and Volume), and Price Trend Analysis. The market is segmented by type into Cereals and Grains, Oilseeds and Pulses, Fruits.

Recent Trends in The Biological Suppression of Guava Pests

  1. The Hydroponics Market is anticipated to register a CAGR of 8.5% during the forecast period (2021-2026). North America was the largest geographic segment of the market studied and accounted for a share of around 35.78% of the hydroponics market. The report includes market size, growth, regional share, industry analysis, and forecast. Request Sample Report Now
  2. The Indian Experience: In the mid-1960s, the Government of India adopted a new agricul­tural strategy which goes by different names seed-fertiliser-water technology, modern agricul­tural technology, or Green Revolution. In fact, the 'Green Revolution' has been the most important single technical advance in agriculture in India during the.
  3. Recent trends in pests status,pesticide usage and pest management strategies in agriculture: University Of Horticultural Sciences,Bagalkot 587104: Dr. INDIRESH K M: 09480696389 08354 230276 indiresh.kabbali@gmail.com: Pusa, New Delhi - 110 012 (INDIA
  4. Search Your Paper . IJIRT Search Xplore - Search by Paper id, Published paper id, Paper Name, Author Name and Paper Title Search Your Paper Details. All Published Paper Digital L
  5. Explore Nohar Singh's magazine Products , followed by 1 people on Flipboard. See more stories about Latin America, India News, Coffee
  6. The global microirrigation systems size is estimated to be valued at USD 9.7 billion in 2021 and is expected to reach a value of USD 15.1 billion by 2026, growing at a CAGR of 9.3% in terms of value during the forecast period

National Seminar on Recent Trends in Horticultural Crops

  1. India's diverse climate ensures availability of all varieties of fresh fruits & vegetables. It ranks second in fruits and vegetables production in the world, after China. As per National Horticulture Database (Second Advance Estimates) published by National Horticulture Board, during 2019-20, India produced 99.07 million metric tonnes of fruits.
  2. Recent Trends and SWOT Analysis of Food-Processing Industry Infrastructure in India: A Review 4Department of Post Harvest Technology, College of Horticulture, Dr. Y.S.R. Horticultural University, Anantharajupeta, Kadapa District, Andhra Pradesh-516105, India. *Correspondence Author E-mail: rajeshgupta171@rediffmail.com shape a new India.
  3. 6.4 Foodgrain and Horticulture Production in India 39 6.5(a) Value of Output of Horticulture Crops at constant (2011-12) prices 40 6.5(b) Value of Output of Horticulture Crops at current prices 40 7 Livestock Statistics 41 7.1 Livestock Population in India 42 7.2 All India Production of Milk, Eggs and Wool 4
  4. The vegetable production in India has increased several manifold with gradual increase in productivity and area of vegetable cultivation over the years, which maintains its 2nd ranking in global vegetable production after china. The status and growth of vegetable production in India and its present scenario viz. area, production, productivity, growth, share etc. are discussed in this article

New Trends in Hydroponic Growing - Soilles

India's food processing sector, in recent years, has been known for its high-growth and high-profits, thus, increasing its contribution to the world food trade every year. Currently, India is processing less than 10 % ¹ of its agricultural output, thus, presenting immense opportunities for increasing these processing levels and leading to. The decaying of stubble is the perfect site for the growth of mushrooms. Many farmer in India use this method to grow mushrooms and then sell it to food processing companies, restaurants and other such stores that deal with mushrooms. Mushrooms are sold at the rate of Rs 50 to 100 a Kg which is equivalent to $1-2 • New and emerging technologies have had a significant role in advancing the strawberry industry. These technologies continue to support increasing the profitability and on farm efficiencies of growers through improving produce quality, reducing inputs and helping increase market access. • New strawberry varieties have emerged in recent

Video: Agriculture in India: Industry Overview, Market Size, Role

India hosts more than 450 Agritech start-ups : NASSCOMS

December 12, 2018 - The latest guest blogger contribution comes from Katherine Began, currently a Director at Polycase, a manufacturer of enclosures for the electronics industry.Katherine is a recent graduate of Babson College where she studied Computational and Mathematical Finance. She turns that analytical skill to the subject of growing food in new ways and in new places and what it. The potential contribution of plant and agricultural biotechnologies to solve some of the major issues of world population, food supply, and climatic-environmental changes are discussed elsewhere [1]. This is further emphasized by a recent report [2] clearly revealing that world population is unlikely to stop growing this century, contrary to previous estimations

6.4 Foodgrain and Horticulture Production in India 69 6.5(a) Value of Output from Horticulture crops at constant (2011-12) prices 70 6.5(b) Value of Output from Horticulture crops at current prices (2011-12 series) 70 7 Livestock Statistics 71 7.1 Livestock Population in India 72 7.2 All India Production of Milk, Eggs and Wool 7 Also, a large number of new scheme were sanctioned. In 1956, as a result of reorganization of the state, the Horticultural activities were extended to all the 19 districts. Thus, he was responsible for elevating the minor Department of Horticulture to a major Department Introduction to scope and future of IoT in agriculture in India: In the Internet of Things (IoT) - based smart farming, a system is built for monitoring the crop field with the help of sensors like light, humidity, temperature, soil moisture, etc and automating the irrigation system. IoT is an integration of several technologies, for example, sensors, actuators, embedded systems, networks. India is an agrarian country where more than half of its population still depends on agriculture as the direct source of livelihood. While India is dreaming of reaching into a 5 trillion economy, agriculture is the major and primary sector which needs major focus and concern. The total farmers or cultivators population of India is 118.7 million as per Registrar General of India & Census report. Effective and content-rich communication of information is of vital priority. A broaden prospect on the advancement of new and innovative possibilities in the farm sector and its related areas has become highly important, consequently, Agriculture Today magazine, helps in disseminating such information to the grassroots and to all such agencies, institutes, organisations and stakeholders in.

The production is not limited to the edible sector but also produces organic cotton fiber, functional food products etc. as per the latest available cross-country statistics, in the year 2015, India ranked first in terms of the number of organic producers among over 170 countries and ninth in terms of the area under organic agriculture 'Virtual land consolidation' while keeping ownership structure intact can be a solution for land fragmentation problem of India and can create new roads for PA. Initial analyses of the existing 'transborder farming system' show a saving of 15-25% in the required head land, 20-30% in the required work time and a large amount of total. India's environmental science and conservation news. With a window for action becoming ever so small, in halting and reversing the trends of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, the UN Decade hopes to inspire a global movement, a generation for restoration. tree plantation, horticulture, and construction of new ponds has been.

Arghya MANI | Research Scholar, Post Harvest Technology

In recent years, the adoption of digital technologies in precision agriculture has been adjusting the ways that farmers treat crops and manage fields. One doesn't have to be an expert to see how the technology has changed the concept of farming making it more profitable, efficient, safer, and simple. Among other technologies, farmers have. Gardening with children in schools, communities, and homes across the United States has surged in popularity in recent years, buoyed by First Lady Michelle Obama's focus on gardening and nutrition Consumption patterns in India are rapidly shifting from cereals to protein rich foods and horticulture. Also India has significant proportion of population which is undernutrition (1/3 of population), stunted and wasted. Horticulture and fruits are much desirable for this problem and wastage reduction will have decisive impact here

India's huge potential to further expand horticultural exports could boost farmers' income. While the Covid-19 pandemic has disrupted the global supply chains in a major way since the. Horticulture Consultancy Services, Get suppliers, exporters, manufacturers and buyers of Horticulture Consultancy Services in India and overseas. Get contact details, email, phone and address of companies manufacturing and supplying Horticulture Consultancy Services along with details of Horticulture Consultancy Services importers and buyers

This report forecasts revenue growth at global, regional & country levels and provides an analysis of the latest trends in each of the sub-segments from 2014 to 2025. For the purpose of this study, Grand View Research has segmented the gardening equipment market on the basis of product, end-use, and region Build on the current DCP horticulture inventory reports. 2.4 Introduce SMS based price and volume supply / demand information system. 2.5 Statistics Botswana should start collating and publishing horticultural sector information. 2.6 In the medium-term, develop an integrated information system for the horticulture sector About the Conference. Conference Series LLC Ltd feels proud and honored in inviting the contributors across the globe to its 13th International Conference on Agriculture and Plant Science (Agri Summit 2021) to be held during June 22-23, 2021 around the theme Current Research and Developments in Agriculture and Plant Science. Agri Summit 2021 is the premier event that brings together a.

Global Economic issues and trends: Role of World Bank, IMF & WTO. Concept of Developing, Emerging and Developed countries. India in global Scenario. Part C- Economy of Rajasthan Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry, Dairy and Animal husbandry with special reference to Rajasthan. Industrial Sector- Growth and recent trends The ICAR All India Entrance Examination (AIEE) is conducted to shortlist aspirants for admission in undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral programmes in agriculture and allied sciences. The exam is conducted to fill 15 per cent of seats in Bachelor's degree programmes

Singh B (2004) Status of protected horticulture in the world and its future prospects in India. Invited paper presented in the international seminar on recent trends in hi-tech horticulture and post-harvest technology, CSAUA&T, Kanpur (UP) India, 4-6 Feb 2004, Souvenir pp 40-50 Google Schola Tomato News Conference, June 8, 2021: Mark De La Mater. 13/07/2021. Processing Tomato Production and Markets in North America The first slide provides just a quick overview of trends in consumption and production for the three main actors in the North American market: Canada, Mexico and the United States. The trends shown are for crop years.

GreenTech: High demand for hort tech expertiseHow can we improve Indian agriculture? - QuoraEclectic Varieties of Mangoes From West Bengal in Delhi atWhy Artificial Intelligence Will Be Bigger Than theDeforestation in great Aravalli Mountain Region of India

The global gardening pots market size was valued at USD 1.7 billion in 2018. Growing millennial's interest in gardening is expected to remain a favorable factor for industry growth. Young gardeners from across the world are exhibiting a keen interest in the recent trends, which are way different from the traditional-style perennial garden The history of Agriculture in India dates back to Indus Valley Civilization. India ranks second worldwide in farm outputs. As per 2018, agriculture employed more than 50% of the Indian work force and contributed 17-18% to country's GDP. In 2016, agriculture and allied sectors like animal husbandry, forestry and fisheries accounted for 15.4% of the GDP (gross domestic product) with about 41. The horticulture sector has emerged as an area offering sustainable livelihood. National Horticulture Mission. In order to increase the production in the horticulture sector, the National Horticulture Mission was established by the government in the year 2005-2006. It was a national mission and all the states participated in it Agriculture Production in Rajasthan. As per preliminary forecast for the year 2019-20, the total food grain production in the State is expected to be 249.88 lakh tonnes which is a decrease of 8.06 per cent as compared to production of 231.25 lakh tonnes for the previous year