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The child with kwashiorkor has all the following conditions except

Nutrition chap. 6 Flashcards Quizle

  1. The edema in children with kwashiorkor is the result of fluid leaking into. starvation. One would be likely to see positive protein balance in all of the following conditions except. some visible fat stores. The child with kwashiorkor has all the following conditions except. The size of his vital organs, including his heart, liver, and muscles.
  2. 74. The child with kwashiorkor has all the following conditions except A. moderate weight deficit. B. some visible fat stores. C. edema in the abdomen and legs. D. a skin-and-bones appearance. Bloom's Level: Understand Learning Outcome: 6.08 Describe how protein-calorie malnutrition eventually can lead to disease in the body Section: 6.08 Topic: Proteins 75
  3. The child with kwashiorkor has all the following. 9. (Points: 1) The child with kwashiorkor has all the following conditions except a. a skin-and-bones appearance. b. edema in the abdomen and legs. c. moderate weight deficit. d. some visible fat stores. 10
  4. The child with kwashiorkor has all the following conditions except. a skin-and-bones appearance. The child with marasmus has all of the following conditions except. edema in the abdomen and legs. The combination of plant foods that most often is used to provide complete protein is
  5. The child with kwashiorkor has all the following conditions except Select one a from NUT 1 at Western Governors Universit
  6. The child with kwashiorkor has all the following conditions except Select one: a. moderate weight deficit. b. some visible fat stores. c. edema in the abdomen and legs. d. a skin-and-bones appearance

All of the following describe kwashiorkor and marasmus except. diseases that are troublesome but not life threatening. The edema in children with kwashiorkor is the result of fluid leaking into. body tissues from the bloodstream because of decreased blood protein levels. 29. The child with kwashiorkor has all the following conditions except One would be likely to see positive protein balance in all of the following conditions except. starvation. The child with kwashiorkor has all the following conditions except. a skin-and-bones appearance. All of the following statements about the role of protein in the body are correct EXCEPT 3; 1 The chemical bond joining adjacent amino acids is called a(n) _____ bond. peptide The child with kwashiorkor has all the following conditions except a skin-and-bonded appearance Which of the following is a food that provides all of the essential amino acids? milk . Proteins are digested in which areas of the body Although kwashiorkor is a condition that relates to malnutrition, merely feeding a child or adult will not correct all of the deficiencies and effects of the condition

Children and older adults, the two groups who most commonly experience kwashiorkor as a result of abuse or neglect, will display typical symptoms of the condition. The most visible symptoms are. Kwashiorkor. Kwashiorkor is a severe form of malnutrition. It's most common in some developing regions where babies and children do not get enough protein or other essential nutrients in their diet. The main sign of kwashiorkor is too much fluid in the body's tissues, which causes swelling under the skin (oedema)

The patients suffering from Kwashiorkor have an emaciated appearance all over the body. They have a type of swelling in the ankles, feet and belly. Kwashiorkor is most common in rural areas, especially in the sub-urban regions and areas with low food supply are more prone to this disease. Read more Kwashiorkor Children are affected by kwashiorkor more frequently than adults. It typically starts after the child has been weaned and breast milk has been replaced with a diet low in protein, although it can occur in infants if the mother is protein-deprived. Kwashiorkor can also occur due to parasites and infections that can interfere with nutritional status

A diet that is too high in protein can increase the risk for all of the following conditions except. PKU. A vegetarian diet has Not been shown to lower the risk for which of the following diseases? Children with kwashiorkor typically have a diet that is high in carbohydrates and extremely low in Children who develop kwashiorkor are often older than children who develop marasmus. Having a diet that's mainly carbohydrates can lead to this condition. The symptoms of kwashiorkor include 12- Which of the following has the highest Specific dynamic action (SDA)? a) Egg. b) Potato. c) Corn oil. d) Mango. 13- An 8 months-old-child has been brought to the pediatric OPD. The examination reveals a thin lean emaciated child. There is a history of diarrhea and refusal to feeds from the last few days. The child has been diagnosed with.

KWASHIORKOR is the edematous form of protein-energy malnutrition and is distinguished from marasmus by the presence of edema, hypoalbuminemia, and dermatosis. 1,2 It is endemic in Africa and in developing countries and is associated with a diet that is protein deficient. 1,3-5 Cases in affluent countries have usually been associated with chronic malabsorptive conditions such as cystic fibrosis. Kwashiorkor (kwah-shee-awr-kawr or -ker, IPA: / k w ɑː ʃ i ˈ ɔːr k ɔːr /, / k w ɑː ʃ i ˈ ɔːr k ər /) is a form of severe protein malnutrition characterized by edema and an enlarged liver with fatty infiltrates. It is caused by sufficient calorie intake, but with insufficient protein consumption, which distinguishes it from marasmus.Kwashiorkor cases occur primarily. It has also been reported in children following very restricted diets for cultural reasons or in the context of presumed food allergy. Malnutrition is more common in children than in adults. The onset of kwashiorkor in infancy is during the weaning or post-weaning period where protein intake has not been sufficiently replaced Difference Between Kwashiorkor and Marasmus Kwashiorkor vs Marasmus Both marasmus and kwashiorkor are diseases that arise due to an inadequate diet and starvation. There are subtle differences between the two conditions. Let us take a look at what they are: Symptoms A kid who is suffering from marasmus can be identified at a glance. He will have dry and lose [

Marasmus and Kwashiorkor are two advanced forms of protein-calorie malnutrition. They are not two different diseaseswith different dietary aetiology, but two facets of the same conditions develop as a response to same disease. It is suggested that.. Severe acute malnutrition is defined in these guidelines as the presence of oedema of both feet or severe wasting (weight-for-height/length <-3SD or mid-upper arm circumference < 115 mm). No distinction is made between the clinical conditions of kwashiorkor or severe wasting because their treatment is similar Children at 1-2yrs only need 5-6% of calories from protein. The symptoms of kwashiorkor (e.g. edema) are not cured by high protein diets. WHO guidelines stated that for the first week you give micronutrients (except iron), a diet with 5-6% protein calories, and you treat infections, hypoglycemia, dehydration

d) Rings bell purposefully. 3. Prenatal diagnosis is possible for all of following except. c) Ectodermal dysplasia. d) Duchennes muscular dystrophy. 4. A 7 year old boy with reduced height and weight for age for past one year is likely to have. 5. Intra uterine growth retardation can be caused by all except Marasmic kwashiorkor has similar features to kwashiorkor, but there is more wasting and they are also more stunted and often have a higher mortality rate. The main biochemical difference between marasmus and kwashiorkor is hypoalbuminaemia (present in kwashiorkor). The following signs should be looked for: 11,40. Sepsis and shock. Invasive.

How does a child with kwashiorkor present? A child with kwashiorkor presents with the following signs. (i) Growth failure Growth failure always occurs in a child with kwashiorkor. If the child's precise age is known, he will be found to be shorter than normal. Except in cases of gross oedema, the child will be lighter in weight than normal Children are affected by kwashiorkor more frequently than adults. It typically starts after the child has been weaned and breast milk has been replaced with a diet low in protein, although it can occur in infants if the mother is protein-deprived. Kwashiorkor can also occur due to parasites and infections that can interfere with nutritional status To lower a high blood cholesterol level, all of the following are recommended except. A. consume 2 servings/week of fish. B. consume 300 mg or less of cholesterol per day. C. lower the saturated fat intake to less than 7% total energy. D. decrease the carbohydrate intake to <50% of total energy. decrease the carbohydrate intake to <50% of total. All are seen in Marasmus except All of the following conditions are observed in. Insulin levels are reduced (child has glucose intolerance) Cortisol and growth hormone levels are increased. o Cardiovascular system Cardiac output and.

Q. 1 All are seen in Marasmus except Edema. All of the following conditions are observed in. Marasmus, except - Hepatomegaly is seen in kwashiorkor (not in marasmus). Marasmus . o It is characterized by gross wasting of muscle and subcutaneous tissues resulting in emaciation and marked stunting a. Children with kwashiorkor typically have edema. b. Children with marasmus often have fatty livers. c. Kwashiorkor results mainly from energy inadequacy. d. Marasmus results mainly from protein inadequacy. e. Children with marasmus often have changes in the color of their hair and skin A 24-month-old child who has not begun to speak is brought to the pediatrician's office. All of the following conditions should be con­sidered in the differential diagnosis EXCEPT (A) Autism (B) Developmental delay (C) Hearing impairment. (D) Childhood schizophrenia. 146 15.A child with mental age of seven and a chronological age of seven years has an I.Q of a) 100 b) 120 c) 145 d) 80. 16.Milestones at 10 months of age are a) Pincer grasp b) Arranging 3 cubes c) Walks few steps without support d) Says mama dada. 17.Child changes Rattle from one hand to another at the age of a) 3 months b) 6 months c) One year d.

70.Child smiles at familiar persons at the age of . a) 1 month. b) 2 months. c) 4 months. d) 6 months. Ans: b. 71.When a child is not able to perform the following motor functions such as skipping, walking on heels, hopping in place or going forwards in tandem gait, his motor development is considered to be below . a) 3 years. b) 4 years. c) 6. 15.A child with mental age of seven and a chronological age of seven years has an I.Q of a) 100 b) 120 c) 145 d) 80 ANSWER -> a 16.Milestones at 10 months of age are a) Pincer grasp b) Arranging 3 cubes c) Walks few steps without support d) Says mama dada ANSWER -> d 17.Child changes Rattle from one hand to another at the age of a) 3 months. The following picture shows a child suffering from kwashiorkor showing oedema of legs, hands and crazy pavement dermatosis. ii. Marasmus . The signs and symptoms of marasmus are: 1. severe growth retardation . 2. loss of subcutaneous fat . 3. severe muscle wasting . The child looks appallingly thin with shrivelled body, wrinkled skin and bony.

3. Which of the following stores the greatest amount of energy in the body? * 1 point A. Vitamins B. Proteins C. Glycogen D. Minerals 4. Proteins serve all the following functions EXCEPT * 1 point A. Antibodies B. Enzymes C. Hormones D. Insulators 5. Which of the following nutrient(s) is/are digested in the stomach? * 1 point A. Fats and. The protein requirement of a child as compared to an adult is? Higher: The plant food with the highest protein digestibility is? Soybeans: Which of the following provides the highest quality of protein? Legumes: All of the following are considered high quality protein sources except? Gelatin: Ketones can meet some of the nervous system energy. 1. Which age groups of children are more predisposed to severe acute malnutrition (kwashiorkor)? a) Under one year b) All under five c) Children 2-3 years old d) Children 4-5 years e) None 2. What are the different risk factors involved for the development malnutrition in children? a) Low socioeconomic conditions Ans (1) 25. With reference to a malnourished child, the following statements are correct. Skin and mucosa are not effective barriers to infection. There is impairment of chemotaxis and defective candidacidal bactericidal capacities of polymorphs. There is impairment of cell-mediated immunity and delayed hypersensitivity

Chapter 6 Flashcards Quizle

  1. MARASMUS. Marasmus is a state in which all body fat stored has been exhausted due to starvation without systemic inflammation. ETIOLOGY Poor feeding habit
  2. Cachexia is a condition that causes extreme weight loss and muscle wasting. It is a symptom of many chronic conditions such as cancer, chronic renal failure, HIV, and multiple sclerosis
  3. Epidemiology. The flashcards below were created by user macdegnan on FreezingBlue Flashcards . Completing the clinical picture involves all of the following EXCEPT: A. identification of types of exposures-capable of causing disease. B. identification of the efficacy of the public health problem. C. Identification of who is susceptible for disease
  4. d) All of the above 18. What pathogens contribute indirectly to the development of protein energy malnutrition? a) Viruses b) Bacteria c) Parasites d) All of the above 19. The basic objective of managing a child with protein energy malnutrition is the following except one: a) Treating superimposed infection
  5. Research emphasizes the great benefits of touch for premature babies, but the presence of such contact has been shown to benefit all children (Stack, D. M. (2010). In an extreme example, some children in Romania were reared in orphanages in which a single care worker may have had as many as 10 infants to care for at one time
  6. Kwashiorkor: the classical theory that kwashiorkor has a dietary cause was based on observations that oedema developed in children of weaning age living in poor circumstances who usually had infections and diarrhoea. Subsequent observations in Uganda strengthened the belief that the principal cause of kwashiorkor was lack of dietary protein. Kwashiorkor develops in those on diets with a low.
  7. The number of stunted children has declined in all continents, except in Africa, while the number of overweight children has increased in all continents, including in Africa, the report said

Kwashiorkor has been recognized in different areas in which the staple has been kassava, yam, plantain, maize, millet and rice. In Southern Nigeria yam and cassava are the staples. Small amounts of guinea-corn, rice, ground- nuts and fruit are consumed but we have no exact quantitative data about these ingredients Kwashiorkor affects millions of children worldwide. When it was first described in 1935, more than 90 percent of children with Kwashiorkor died. Although the associated mortality is slightly lower now, most children still die after the initiation of treatment. The name Kwashiorkor comes from a language in Ghana and means, rejected one Protein deficiency often leaves its mark on the skin, hair and nails, which are largely made of protein. For instance, kwashiorkor in children is distinguished by flaky or splitting skin, redness.

Although decreased serum-total- protein and serum-albumin levels were noted in all grades of kwashiorkor in our series, and although there was a definite tendency to higher values in the marasmic children, the significant overlap made for a lack of discriminatory power in these biochemical determinants of protein-calorie malnutrition Kwashiorkor and marasmus are two separate diseases, but the former is so often superimposed on the latter that most clinical cases of kwashiorkor are better characterized as marasmic kwashiorkor.. Kwashiorkor is a disease syndrome resulting from a severe deficiency of dietary protein relative to caloric intake A reference protein equals or exceeds the essential amino acid requirements of all of the following population groups except a. infants. b. preschool aged children. c. adolescents. d. elderly. a. What is the percent digestibility of most plant proteins? a. 25-45 b. 50-65 c. 70-90 d. 95-99. c. What is the percent digestibility of most animal. Figure 1 two children with protein-energy malnutrition, compared with a normal child in the middle. the child on the left of the normal child exhibits marked muscle wasting with no oedema, characteristic of marasmus; the child on the right has severe muscle wasting with oedema representing marasmic kwashiorkor A child with marasmus may not grow as children usually do. Malnutrition happens when a lack of nutrients causes health problems, usually because a person's diet does not contain all the vitamins.

Although several cases of severe hypoalbuminemia resulting from rice milk have been described in the past, today the use of rice milk without nutritional counseling to treat eczema is still a continuing, poor practice. We describe a kwashiorkor case in an infant with severe eczema exclusively fed with rice milk. It is well documented that rice milk is not a sufficient protein source One key aspect of marasmus management is the potential role for routine antibiotics. The WHO has made formal recommendations for the use of oral antibiotics for children with uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition, not requiring to be admitted and who are managed as outpatients. [] Two meta-analyses found a paucity of evidence to support this recommendation In addition, an increase in fatty acid release from adipose tissue that could be taken up by the liver has been observed in children with kwashiorkor in some 62,94, but not all 63, studies, which. 005 for severe acute malnutrition (83%) and moderate acute malnutrition associated with illness (17%). The care of the children was provided by clinicians and medical staff trained under World Health Organization guidelines. Results: Kwashiorkor was a common result in children with severe acute malnutrition (60.8%); 58% were younger than 1 year old. Complications upon admission were diarrhea.

Nutrition study questions from quizzes Flashcards Quizle

The WHO has developed guidelines 22) to help improve the quality of hospital care for malnourished children and has prioritized the widespread implementation of these guidelines. The following are ten primary principles used universally for treatment of patients who are admitted for Kwashiorkor 23). These principles are done in different phases. Kwashiorkor (also called the wet, swollen, or edematous form) is a risk after premature abandonment of breastfeeding, which typically occurs when a younger sibling is born, displacing the older child from the breast. So children with kwashiorkor tend to be older than those with marasmus. Kwashiorkor may also result from an acute illness, often gastroenteritis or another infection (probably.

Malnutrition refers to all devia- tions from adequate and optimal nutritional status, including energy undernutrition and over-nutrition (obesity is a form of malnutrition). The term 'undernutrition' is used to refer to gen- erally poor nutritional status, but also implies underfeeding. Malnutrition arises from deficiencies of specific. Test Your MA Knowledge RMA Practice test This practice test has no minimum passing score! Although you get 1 point for each correct answer this number doesn't reflect the scoring system of the real examination. Time limit: 0 Quiz Summary 0 of 213 questions completed Questions: Information You have already completed the quiz before. Hence Read moreRMA Practice tes Protein-energy malnutrition. Chronic undernutrition manifests primarily as protein-energy malnutrition (PEM), which is the most common form of malnutrition worldwide.Also known as protein-calorie malnutrition, PEM is a continuum in which people—all too often children—consume too little protein, energy, or both. At one end of the continuum is kwashiorkor, characterized by a severe protein. Malnutrition generally implies undernutrition and refers to all deviations from adequate and optimal nutritional status in infants, children and in adults. In children, undernutrition manifests as underweight and stunting (short stature), while severely undernourished children present with the symptoms and signs that characterize conditions known as kwashiorkor, marasmus or marasmic-kwashiorkar The distinction between the 2 forms of PEM is based on the presence of edema (kwashiorkor) or absence of edema (marasmus). Marasmus involves inadequate intake of protein and calories, whereas a child with kwashiorkor has fair-to-normal calorie intake with inadequate protein intake

chapter6 Flashcards Quizle

exam 2 Nutrition Nathan Drendel Flashcards Quizle

nutrition chapter 6 exam 3

8 foods account for 90% of all food allergies: Peanuts, tree nuts, milk, eggs, fish, shellfish, soy and wheat. Essential amino acids must be supplied by the diet b/c the body cannot synthesize them in adequate amounts (T/F) True. A process involved in the synthesis of nonessential amino acids is called____ Q111 All of the following are Major criteria of Jones in Rheumatic fever except? (a). Pancarditis (b). Arthritis (c). Chorca (d). Elevated ESR Answer- D Q.112 All of the following are examples of nutritional deficiency disease except? (a). Marasmus (b). Kwashiorkor (c). Obesity (d). Scurvy Answer-

• Ans:a 30.A child can copy a circle first at what age? a) 2 years of age b) one and half year c) 4 years d) 3 years 32. • Ans:d 31.A three year old child can do which of the following except? a) Ride a tricycle b) Build a tower of ten cubes c) Knows his age and sex d) Use scissors to cut out pictures 33 Cells will do all of the following to create their own working proteins from available amino acids except: A. Synthesize nonessential amino acids that are missing for the protein that is being made B. Obtain amino acids that are available in the cell's amnio acid pool C. Slow down protein synthesis until enough of the limiting amnio acid is available again D. Hold partially completed.

Kwashiorkor: Causes, symptoms, and treatmen

All of the following are features of vitamin K in nutrition except Answer infants frequently require a supplement at birth. good food sources are plants of the cabbage family. risk of deficiency is increased in people taking antibiotics for prolonged periods. gut microflora synthesis supplies sufficient amounts to meet the needs of most healthy. While the 2021 edition of the UNICEF-WHO-World Bank Group Joint Malnutrition Estimates shows that stunting prevalence has been declining since the year 2000, more than one in five - 149.2 million children under 5 -were stunted in 2020*, and 45.4 million suffered from wasting Reveal Solution Hide Solution Discussion . Correct Answer: B Of the nursing diagnoses listed, the clients statement most represents Body Image Disturbance because it directly refers to loss of the function of having a child. Nothing in the statement indicates that the client is at risk for harming herself Harrowing pictures of dying babies and children stricken with kwashiorkor elicited great sympathy all over the world and donations of cash, clothing and drugs poured in. From Lisbon, packets of essential drugs and foodstuffs collected in Germany by both Catholic and Protestant churches were flown to Port Harcourt by buying space in planes.

Kwashiorkor: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosi

A 9-year-old boy presented with a 2-day history of vomiting, ataxia and reduced consciousness. He had vomited intermittently in the two preceding months, without headaches, visual disturbance or early morning symptoms. He had autism spectrum disorder, and restricted eating since aged 2 years, eating only corn-crisps, Rich Tea biscuits and chips (French fries), and drinking Coca-Cola. 3) All of the following are the complications in the new born of a diabetic mother except? A. Hyperbilirubinemia B. Hyperglycemia C. Hypocalcemia D. Hypomagnesemia. Ans:B . 4) The correct line of management in child who has swallowed a coin is? A. Fiber optic endoscopy B. Rigid endoscopy C. Laparotomy D. Wait and Watch . Ans: D . 5) Helper. • Treatment is the facility-based management of malnourished children, except where stated otherwise. (Pic1) and the other of a child with kwashiorkor (Pic2). and care-seeking actions for a malnourished child. These are discussed in the following section and illustrated with some quotes from the participants

Kwashiorkor - NH

The Major Difference Between Kwashiorkor and Marasmu

17. Nutrition 11 From 13 - 20 years of age Office worker Heavy work 2, 800 cal/day 3,500 cal/day Adults 2,300-cal/day 2,700 cal/day Very heavy work up to 4,000 cal/day For pregnant woman, the daily figure must be increased by 150 calories for the first trimester and 350 for the second and third trimester Malnutrition occurs when the body does not get the nutrients it needs. Causes include limited food supply and some mental and physical health conditions. Learn more about malnutrition here

malnutrition in children: a. True b. False 6. Rickets is characterized by all except which of the following? a. Often a hazard to pregnancy b. Causes leg deformities c. Prevented by vitamin D, calcium, and exposure to the sun d. Not seen in persons with light skin 7. Kwashiorkor is a term for a form of malnutrition seen in newborn infants in. Severe Acute Malnutrition Refeeding Syndrome Hypophosphataemia Medical Complications 1. Background The term severe acute malnutrition replaces the old terminology of marasmus and kwashiorkor. Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) should be diagnosed if a child has one of the following features: weight-for-height Z-score below -3, visible wasting, a mid-upper-arm-circumference < 11.5 cm (at 6 months. Malnutrition is a worldwide problem that can result from environmental, economic and medical conditions. The WHO estimates that over 460 million adults and 150 million children are undernourished.

The following are examples of conditions that add to the risk of malnutrition for older adults: there are documented cases of children with kwashiorkor as a result of severe protein calorie malnutrition. For example, if a child has strong aversions to foods except starchy foods consisting of simple carbohydrates - such as white bread. Protein-energy malnutrition is a very common problem occurring in several infants and young children living in developing nations. Protein-energy malnutrition can be easily controlled and reversed with the right guidance and knowledge. Know the causes, symptoms, treatment, prevention and the diet plan for protein-energy malnutrition Malnutrition refers to a dearth, excess, or altered differential ratios of calories, macronutrients, or micronutrients. Malnutrition, particularly during early life, is a pressing global health and socioeconomic burden that is increasingly associated with neurodevelopmental impairments. Understanding how perinatal malnutrition influences brain development is crucial to uncovering fundamental. Evaluation of nutrition status and provision of adequate nutrition are crucial components in the overall management of children during illness because malnutrition is prevalent and affects normal growth, development, other clinical outcomes, and resource utilization. 1 Large-scale international studies have attributed a majority of all childhood deaths to undernutrition, with high relative.

Kwashiorkor - Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

Bivariate analysis gave significant associations between child nutritional status and the following variables: time of initiating of breastfeeding, mother's knowledge of importance of colostrum and whether colostrum was given to child, age of introduction of supplementary food, and mother's knowledge about causes of kwashiorkor Section 300.APPENDIX B Child Abuse and Neglect Allegations . This Appendix describes the specific incidents of harm which must be alleged to have been caused by the acts or omissions of the persons identified in Section 3 of the Abused and Neglected Child Reporting Act before the Department will accept a report of child abuse or neglect

Nutrition Chapter 6 - Subjecto

Nutrition plays an important role in child survival and development. Treatment action in the management of child health and nutrition is influenced by perceptions of illness, and gender plays an important role. However, little is known about if and how moderate undernutrition is recognised among lay populations, or how local social norms and intra-household dynamics affect decisions to seek. Mcq About Protein Energy Malnutrition malnutrition frequently asked questions, protein energy malnutrition cartercenter org, diet and nutrition multiple choic

Kwashiorkor and Marasmus: What's the Difference

Nutrition Ch6. Vegetarians have significantly higher rates of hypertension than the general population. Most people in the U.S. would find it next to impossible not to meet their protein requirements. Some foods are so high in acid that they are capable of making the acid in the stomach even stronger Protein-energy undernutrition (PEU), previously called protein-energy malnutrition, is an energy deficit due to deficiency of all macronutrients. It commonly includes deficiencies of many micronutrients. PEU can be sudden and total (starvation) or.. The guideline used to provide criteria for diagnosing specific types of malnutrition, including kwashiorkor, marasmus, and other severe PEM (protein-energy malnutrition) is called the: a. Health and Wellness Nutrition Handbook. b. Nutrition and Diagnostic Manual of Illness. c. Dietary Reference for Disease Diagnosis. d. Harris-Benedict Manua Kwashiorkor (from the West African word for displaced child) is a nutritional deficiency disease caused when infants and very young children are weaned from their mother's milk and placed on a diet consisting of maize flour, cassava, or low-protein cereals. That diet is generally high in calories and carbohydrates, but low in protein